that the young future-King, James I, twelve-year-old son of King Robert III, was captured while on his way to France for safety as his Father lay dying; and was imprisoned in the Tower of London for 18 years by England's King Henry IV to prevent his ascending the throne of Scotland?
that when he finally began his reign in 1424, King James I's sincere efforts to strengthen Scotland by enforcing her laws, by punishing criminals and heretics, by commanding the wealthy churches to give a larger share to charity, and by reducing the great power of the nobles, were generally approved by his Parliaments? But they enraged the nobles, who finally murdered him.
that in 1436, when Catherine Douglas,
one of King James I's Queen Joan Beaufort's ladies-in-waiting, heard the
tramp of feet and the clank of arms ominously approaching the room where
the King, Queen, Ladies and Courtiers had gathered, she, noting that the
heavy lock and bar had been removed from the door, suspected treachery,
and, giving warning, she thrust her arm through the great iron staples
and attempted to bar the door thus, long enough for the King to escape?
The door was forced by his enemies, breaking the Lady's arm. The King's
hiding-place was discovered, and here he was murdered. The Lady Catherine
Douglas, for her courage, has ever-afterward been remembered as
that the son of James I, who became James II in 1437, and was a good as well as a wise King, was killed when a cannon exploded as he was observing the siege of Roxburgh Castle in 1460, in the 14th year of his actual reign, which had begun in 1449?
that during the reign of King James II, laws were passed to prevent dishonest goldsmiths from adulterating gold and silver brought to them for working by the citizenry?
that King James III was a peace-loving King, who chose for his friends "common" men of the realm who, however, were accomplished in their own fields, an architect, a musician, a tailor, a smith - rather than consort with the shallow, maneuvering, quarrelling nobles who "by right" should have graced his Court?
that the 15-year-old son of James III, the future James IV, who had been carefully guarded in Stirling Castle for his own protection, was lured away and persuaded to join in leading an army of rebellious nobles against his Father, which developed into the Battle of Sauchieburn in 1488? Although King James III had hopefully, for good luck, armed himself with the great two-handed Claymore of King Robert the Bruce, he was not an effective fighter, and when his horse bolted from the battle-field and shortly after threw him, King James was ignominiously stabbed to death by one of his enemies.
that when the young King James
LV finally realized that he had been deceived and used by his Father's
traitors, who had presented themselves to him as his friends to aid in
deposing and murdering his Father the King, he had, in remorse, an iron
chain forged to forever encircle his waist beneath his clothing; having
it lengthened link by link, year by year, to accommodate his growth, as
part of his penance?
that after the terrible Battle of Flodden Field, the English confiscated the body of King James IV, carried it into England, and interred it in an unmarked grave?
that two weeks after the Battle of Flodden Field the son of the fallen King was crowned King James V at the age of one year and five months?
that James V was, like his great-great-grandfather, held prisoner by his adult enemies through most of his childhood, but upon making his escape, began an unsettled reign in 1514 at the age of 16? It was he who was known in disguise as "Knight of Snowdon, James Fitz-James" in Sir Walter Scott's The Lady of The Lake.
that it is a historical fact that King James V enjoyed going about among his people incognito, not only to catch glimpses of the tenor of their political feelings, but for his own amusement, introducing himself as "the goodman (tenant) of Ballengeich," an area of farmland near Stirling Castle which was part of the royal property owned by the King?
that King James V during his reign established a large-scale gold-mining industry in the Leadhills, Crawford Muir, and Sutherland, where most of the gold was obtained by surface washing, rather than by seeking rich veins deep within the earth?
that this is a well-known story
about the whimsical King James V? On one occasion when he was crossing
the Bridge of Cramond near Edinburgh, in the dress of the gentry, on horseback
and alone, he was set upon by a Gypsy Band whose intent was robbery. Although
he gave a good account of himself, he was no match for five Gypsies. Just
as he was becoming desperate, a farmer, who had been threshing corn near-by,
and watching the altercation, came to his defense with his threshing flail
and the two soon put the attackers to rout. The farmer then brought the
weary James a basin of water to wash his bloody face and hands, and asked
who he might be. The King answered that he was the goodman of Ballengeich,
and enquired the name of the farmer, who in turn told the King his name
was John Howieson and that he was employed on the farm of Braehead which
he wished very much to own himself. The King informed the peasant that
he was employed at Holyrood Palace and to come there sometime, ask for
"the goodman of Ballengeich," and perhaps he could catch a glimpse of the
King. Later on the farmer from Braehead did just this. James, again in
disguise, showed him about the palace, and then said he would take him
to the room where the King received his nobles. "How shall I know which
man is the King?" asked John Howieson. "He will he the only man in the
room with his head covered," answered James. When the two entered the Great
Hall, the peasant looked about him for a few moments; and then observed,
drily: "Weel, it must be ither ye or me that's King, since we're th'' ony
men whaes weerin oor bonnets!" King James was so delighted with this unaffected
and witty rejoinder that he confessed to his joke and presented the farm
of Braehead, which was also a part of the Crown property, to John Howieson.
The only payment exacted was a pledge that whenever be or one of his descendents
learned that the King of Scots was to pass by and cross the Bridge of Cramond,
one member of the family was to he at the bridge with a basin of water
for the King. The last time this ceremony was performed was by one of John's
descendents a Howieson Craufurd - to King George VI, who reigned from 1936-1952.
that it was at the death, in 1537, of Queen Madeleine, wife of James V and daughter of Francis I of France, that "doole weeds" or black mourning clothes were first worn, by order of King James himself?
that the only King of England ever born in Edinburgh Castle was James VI of Scotland, who in 1603, at the death of Queen Elizabeth, was crowned in London as James I of England?