It all started over a bunch of pigs. Champ, a brother, and another man sold a bunch of pigs to the Williams brothers, who resided in Fentress Co., Tenn., about a two hour horseback ride from Alabany, Ky., which is in Clinton Co., Ky. The Williams brothers were to be in Albany on a given day and pay for the pigs. The day arrived but the Williams brothers didn't. Champ finally cornered one of the brothers and he said his brother had abscounded with the money. This led Champ to attaching the horses belonging to the Williams brothers when they entered Clinton Co., Ky., which upset the Williams brothers and their following. At about this time there was a camp meeting in Fentress Co., Tenn. and Champ decided to go. When he arrived at the meeting he noted the Williams brothers and their followers, they were all bunched together. A friend of Champs came by and told him that he had overheard some of the conversation and they were going to get Champ and advised him to leave. Champ said he wouldn't but when they started toward him he thought he should so mounted his horse and took flight. The horse he was riding was fast but she was in foal. While he was easily outdistancing his pursuers he jumped the mare over a gully and she hurt herself, leaving Champ afoot. Champ ran toward a hill with his pursuers on his heels, close enough that they were throwing rocks at him. Champ threw some back but this all delayed him, letting a big barrel chested man to come to grips with him. Champ was unarmed save for a pocket knife, which he stated was as sharp as a razor. He managed to open the knife and while he cut himself doing it he started whittling on the man, knowing that he had to get away or his life would be worth nothing. He killed the man and then started to run toward a two story house, which was vacant, its occupants being at the camp meeting. He went up the stairs to the second floor and there found one of the old time bed wrench's and stood with it at the top of the stairs, daring anyone to come up them. This resulted in a standoff until Champ agreed to surrender, but only to the law. The law came and they put Champ in chains and took him to the jail, where he languished for some time. The Civil War had started and the C.S.A. controlled that area of Tenn. Champ was given an offer he couldn't refuse, this that if he joined the Confederacy they would forget about the happening at and following the camp meeting. Champ was on record as being opposed to the separation of the states but considering he was in the camp of the enemy he knew he would never be given a fair trial so he acceded to their offer. Clinton Co., Ky. was, at least in large part, pro Union, and they never took kindly to Champ joining the C.S.A. This led to some, while having too close an acquaintance with John Barleycorn, deciding to pay Champs home a visit. They forced entry and made Champs wife and fourteen year old dau. Ann disrobe and cook them a meal in the nude, then paraded them down the street in the nude. They should never, knowing Champ, have done anything of this nature. Martha, Champs wife, could of course identify all of them and Champ made a point of killing all of those participants of the nude meal who were not killed by the war itself. Champ was also maligned in the newspapers of the north, and if one reads what was written and then compares that against documented data, one can be readily determine the reports were not factual. For one Champ was described as ignorant, a drunk, and never do well. The 1860 census puts the lie to that. In this census Champ is seen with assets of $20,000.00, a goodly sum in those years. We also see a number of surveys made by Champ, and by Champs own statement, he learned to write and cipher well. In the series of books entitled, "The War of Rebellion", Champ is mentioned about a hundred times. These are a series of books containing letters and orders of both Union and Confederate forces, having about 60 or 70 volumes in this series. The data was gathered shortly after the wars conclusion by a Captain and a Leutenant. One thing that struck me was letters written by Union field officers to their commanders. In these reports Champ is accredited with havin every where from a hundred to as many as 700 men, and by Champs statements the most he ever had was 56, and I can only account for 54 of these. One report is about the same as another, this that they contacted Champ and put him to flight, wounding him in the process. All I have to say on that is that if he was wounded as many times as the Union field officers claimed, the man would have been a walking sieve. What actually happened is Champ would set a trap for them, letting the Union forces see some of his men, who would then take flight, leading the Union Forces under Champ's guns, where they would decimate them, then vanish like smoke into the mountains he knew so well. One such encounter was written about by several Union soldiers following the wars conclusion. Champ had allowed the Union Forces to bottle him up in what they thought was a dead end. The battle raged until night and the Union held their ground waiting for reinforcements to arrive, they knew the hounds had finally cornered the fox. Champ left a few men at the site to keep the fires burning, the rest going by a formidable trail known to Champ. This trail was bad enough in the daylight and a horror by night, especially for one not familiar with it. During the night the Union observed no answering fire from Champs camp and sent soldiers into it only to find the fox had vanished again. Writings by Union survivors of this tell about the screams of horses and men as they slipped from the trail, falling hundreds of feet to their deaths.